As with other toilet/bathroom spaces, ventilation and access are the two most important issues to consider in the design of Private Toilets. In addition, careful selection of water-conserving equipment and fixtures will help reduce water consumption within the facility. Typical features of private toilet space types include the list of applicable design objectives elements as outlined below. For a complete list and definitions of the design objectives within the context of whole building design, click on the titles below.
- While Private Toilets are permitted to be adaptable, compliance with the applicable accessibility regulation is recommended. This may include no level change thresholds, installing grab bars, and providing appropriate wheelchair turning space.
- Access: Private Toilets are typically located in the proximity of the department, agency, or agency official for ease of access.
- Water Conserving Equipment: Water-saving fixtures such as low-flow toilets, urinals, and lavatory faucets. See WBDG Water Conservation for more information.
The following diagram is representative of typical plans.
Example Construction Criteria
Relevant Codes and Standards
The following agencies and organizations have developed codes and standards affecting the design of private toilets. Note that the codes and standards are minimum requirements. Architects, engineers, and consultants should consider exceeding the applicable requirements whenever possible:
- Architectural Graphic Standards, 12th Edition by American Institute of Architects, Dennis J. Hall. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.